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Skin Cancer

There are two main types of skin cancer –

Melanoma is a relatively rare form of skin cancer, but is becoming more common. There are currently around 13,000 new cases diagnosed each year in the UK*. Melanoma is one of the most common cancers in people aged 15-34 and more than a third of cases occur in people under 55. Melanoma occurs when the genetic material of cells in the skin become damaged or changed, producing mutations that affect normal cell growth and division. The abnormal cells then replicate, causing cancer. If undetected, the cancer can spread beyond the skin and move to other parts of the body.

Most skin cancer is caused by ultraviolet (UV) light damaging the DNA in skin cells. The main source of UV light is sunlight, which can be broken down into 3 different types – UVA, B and CUVC is filtered out by the Earth’s atmosphere, but UVA and UVB damage skin over time, making it more likely for skin cancers to develop. UVB is thought to be the main cause of skin cancer.

 

Non-melanoma cancers are one of the most common types of skin cancers in the world. This sort of cancer occurs when the genetic material of cells in the skin become damaged or changed, producing mutations that affect normal cell growth and division. The abnormal cells then replicate, causing cancer, usually in the form of lumps and lesions on the skin. If undetected, the cancer can spread beyond the skin and move to other parts of the body. Non-melanoma skin cancer affects slightly more men than women, though the reasons for this are unclear.
Non-melanoma skin cancers include two main types:

  • Basal Cell Carcinoma (BCC), also known as a Rodent Ulcer
  • Squamous Cell Carcinoma (SCC)

Malignant non-melanoma skin cancers are frequently associated with over-exposure to Ultraviolet (UV) rays with limited protection. It has been proven that repeated sunburn, either by the sun or artificial sources of light, will make your skin more vulnerable to non-melanoma skin cancer.

 

At Nova Healthcare, we offer chemotherapy for the treatment of melanoma-type skin cancers. Our consultants are nationally recognised experts and are at the forefront of clinical trials and developments in this area.

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Nova Healthcare is part of Aspen Healthcare Group. Registered Office: Centurion House, 37 Jewry Street, London, EC3N 2ER. T: 020 7977 6080 E: info@aspen-healthcare.co.uk